Difference Between C and C++

Complete Guide For Difference Between C and C++

Learn the Difference Between C and C++ Programming Languages with a demonstration of codes in both the programming languages. The Differentiation of C and C++ is described in Points and also in Tabular Format at the bottom.

The C Programming Language is every programmer’s first choice to start their journey in the programming world after which they learn other programming languages such as C++, Java, C# and so on. It is, therefore, important to understand the differences between C Programming Language and C++ Programming Language.

It will help you to get a good grasp on C++ programming if you know the differences well. Also, you will get to know about the difference between Object Oriented and Procedural programming paradigms. Let us first see a simple Hello World Program in C and C++ Programming Languages. Try to differentiate between C and C++ Programming Languages with the following code.

Find Difference Between C and C++ witd Tabular Format and witd Points

Hello World C Program

Hello World C++ Program

Difference Between C and C++ in Tabular Format

C Programming LanguageC++ Programming Language
C is a Procedure Oriented Programming Language.C++ is an Object Oriented Programming Language.
C Programming Language does not support Polymorphism and Inheritance.C++ Programming Language supports Polymorphism and Inheritance.
More importance is given on Algorithms and Procedures than data.More importance is given on Data than Algorithms or Procedures.
C supports only Procedural Programming Paradigm.C++ supports both Procedure Oriented as well as Object Oriented Programming Paradigm.
C does not support Function Overloading and Operator Overloading.C++ supports Function Overloading and Operator Overloading.
In C Programming, a program is divided into Functions. Therefore, C is known to be a Function-Driven Programming Language.In C++ Programming, a program is divided into Objects. Therefore, C++ is known to be an Object-Driven Programming Language.
C Programming follows Top Down approach in its program design.C++ Language follows Bottom Up approach in its program design.
C Programming Language is standardised by International Standards Organisation (ISO) and its latest stable release is C11.C++ Programming Language is standardised by ISO and the latest version is called as C++14.
The malloc(), calloc() and realloc() functions are used for Dynamic Memory Allocation in C Programming.The new operator is used for Dynamic Memory Allocation in C++ Programming.
C does not support Object Oriented Programming Paradigm in its code.C++ supports Procedural Programming Paradigm in its code.
C Programming is a Middle Level Programming Language.C++ Programming is a High Level Programming Language.
C Programming uses scanf() and printf() methods for Input and Output respectively.C++ Programming uses cin and cout objects for Input and Output respectively.
In Linux, the default compiler for C Programming is GCC.In Linux, the default compiler for C++ Programming is G++.
C Programming does not support Exception Handling feature.C++ Programming Language supports Exception Handling mechanism.
C Programming does not have Namespace feature.C++ Programming allows using Namespace feature which helps in efficient management of Identifiers.
The variables must be defined at the start of any function.The variables can be defined at any position within the function.
C Programming supports free() function for releasing memory in Dynamic Memory Allocation.C++ Programming supports the usage of free operator for releasing memory.
Data is comparatively less secure than Java.The data is hidden in classes and, therefore, cannot be accessed by other functions easily. Therefore, data and functions are secure.
C is a completely Procedural Programming Language.C++ is not a completely Object Oriented Programming Language since it allows Procedural Paradigm in its code structure.
A C Program is saved with .c extensionA C++ Program is saved with .cpp extension
C Programming does not offer Object-Oriented Encapsulation mechanism.C++ Programming provides Encapsulation mechanism.
Applications: Language Interpreters, Device Drivers, Database Systems, Operating Systems, Embedded Systems, Network DriversApplications: Simulation and Modelling, Artificial Intelligence Systems, Neural Networks, CAM / CAD systems, Parallel Processing, etc.

We hope that you got some good information about the difference between C and C++ Programming Languages out of this article. If you have any doubts or have any extra information to share about C++ and C Programming Languages, please let us know about it in the comment section below.

Tushar Soni

I am Tushar Soni, Co - Founder of CodingAlpha. I am a computer science student from India and passionate about Web Development and Programming. Connect with me on Facebook | LinkedIn | Google Plus

5 thoughts on “Difference Between C and C++

  • September 14, 2016 at 11:14 pm

    I have my second semester C++ examination tomorrow. Thanks for this awesome C and C++ Comparison tutorial. I hope to get good marks in tomorrow’s paper.

  • September 15, 2016 at 1:48 am

    I would like to tell one more difference between C++ and C Programming. The C++ Language supports references whereas C Programming does not support references

  • September 15, 2016 at 11:56 am

    This is really one of the best set of differences between Cpp and C programming.

  • October 2, 2016 at 6:49 pm

    C++ being object oriented focuses more on code maintainability and structure of the complete program whereas C being procedure oriented focuses only on the logic of the program.


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