Difference Between DBMS And RDBMS

Complete Guide on Difference Between DBMS And RDBMS

Let us find out the difference between DBMS and RDBMS in Points and Tabular format. After you compare DBMS and RDBMS, it will help you select an appropriate model for your database applications. You will also be able to get some idea about the differences between relational and non-relational data models here.

Difference Between DBMS and RDBMS

Difference Between DBMS and RDBMS in Points


DBMS is the abbreviated form of Database Management System. This concept was originated in the early 1960s to store data when computers just came into the market.

A DBMS normally stores data in a file structure with an optional table structure as well. However, the files are hierarchically related to each other which also includes parent and child concepts.

If a DBMS application includes tables, there is no relation defined between the tables. The DBMS application has a lot of limitations.

It does not follow normalisation principles and rarely follows more than 5 Codd’s rules.

It allows only one user to access the system at a given point of time. DBMS are there preferred to be implemented in smaller organisations where the data is less that needs to be managed.

There is no facility of implementing a client-server architecture and a distributed system in a DBMS application.

The DBMS applications are comparatively highly vulnerable to security breaches as compared to RDBMS.


An RDBMS application is just an extension of the traditional DBMS application. There are enhancements done in the regular DBMS system which helps to store, update, manipulate and retrieve data efficiently.

RDBMS is the abbreviated form of Relational Database Management System. The concept of relational DBMS was invented by Edgar Codd in early 1970s. It was primarily due to ever increasing needs of data storage devices.

An RDBMS application usually stores data in tables with relations defined between these tables through primary keys, foreign keys and other integrity constraints.

A usual RDBMS applications follow more than 7 Codd’s rules and also follows normalisation principles.

RDBMS applications are implemented by large corporations as it is intended for users with high data volume requirements.

An advantage with RDBMS is that it allows multiple users to simultaneously access the system to update it at one point in time. This is primary possible due to the proper implementation of ACID properties (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation and Durability).

The RDBMS application can efficiently work on distributed systems and client-server systems as well.

Unlike a DBMS application, RDBMS applications are highly secured and hence preferred by a lot of corporations for their database solutions.

Since RDBMS applications stores data in tables with proper definitions of relations that helps to access each and every record through the query language, it is therefore used in Business Intelligence that helps to deliver proper reports to the top-level management executives.

Find more information on RDBMS Vs DBMS in the following tabular comparison.

Difference Between DBMS and RDBMS in Tabular Form

 1.DBMS is an abbreviation for database management system.RDBMS is an abbreviation for relational database management system.
 2.DBMS concept originated in the early 1960s.RDBMS concept originated in the early 1970s.
 3.A DBMS application stores the data as files.An RDBMS application stores the data in tables.
 4.It offers single user access to the DBMS application at a given point of time.It offers multiple user access to the RDBMS application at any given point of time.
 5.A DBMS application does not include normalisation implementation.An RDBMS application includes normalisation implementation.
 6.A DBMS can be regarded as a non-relational database system.An RDBMS can be regarded as a relational database system due to tables and relations defined between them.
 7.Data is stored in either hierarchical or navigational form which defines the parent and child nodes.Data is stored in tables and the identifier is a primary key.
 8.A DBMS application can also use tabular structures to store data.An RDBMS does not use a file system for data storage.
 9.A DBMS does not support client-server architecture.An RDBMS supports client-server architecture.
 10.In a DBMS, there is no relationship defined between two or more tables, if it consists of tables.There is a well-defined relationship between two or more tables in an RDBMS application.
 11.In a DBMS application, relations are defined between files.In an RDBMS application, relations are defined between two or more tables.
 12.A DBMS application is not a secured system as compared to RDBMS.An RDBMS application is a highly secured system comparatively.
 13.A DBMS follows a network model, hierarchical model, etc depending on the business requirement.An RDBMS application follows only a relational data model.
 14.A DBMS application normally follows less than 6 Codd’s rules.An RDBMS application generally follows more than 7 Codd’s rules.
 15.A DBMS application does not enforce integrity constraints.An RDBMS application enforces integrity constraints.
 16.DBMS is supposed to be used to handle comparatively a small amount of data.RDBMS is designed to handle a large volume of data in tabular structures.
 17.A DBMS application does not support distributed system architecture.An RDBMS uses the distributed system architecture.
 18.Example: FoxPro, Oracle, Microsoft Access, Clipper, FileMaker, dBase, Libre Office, etc.Example: Microsoft SQL Server, SQLite, Oracle Database, MySQL, Teradata, IBM DB2,

If you have any more additional information about the difference between DBMS and RDBMS or if you have any doubts in this article regarding differentiation between DBMS and RDBMS, do let us know about it in the comment section below.

You can get a complete list of Relational database management systems here on Wikipedia as it will help you to analyse the comparison of RDBMS and DBMS more properly.

Tushar Soni

I am Tushar Soni, Co - Founder of CodingAlpha. I am a computer science student from India and passionate about Web Development and Programming. Connect with me on Facebook | LinkedIn | Google Plus

4 thoughts on “Difference Between DBMS And RDBMS

  • April 2, 2017 at 5:02 pm

    This is an amazing description about the differences between DBMS and RDBMS. Thanks a lot.

  • April 2, 2017 at 5:15 pm

    As per this description about RDBMS vs DBMS, it seems that the core concepts of DBMS still remains intact in an RDBMS system as well. It is just that it is an advanced version with more features or functionalities.

  • April 3, 2017 at 4:12 am

    Thanks for the comparison of dbms and rdbms.

  • April 10, 2017 at 12:11 pm

    Can I get the PDF of comparison of RDBMS and DBMS?


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