Complete Guide For Difference Between C and C++
Learn the Difference Between C and C++ Programming Languages with a demonstration of codes in both the programming languages. The Differentiation of C and C++ is described in Points and also in Tabular Format at the bottom.
The C Programming Language is every programmer’s first choice to start their journey in the programming world after which they learn other programming languages such as C++, Java, C# and so on. It is, therefore, important to understand the differences between C Programming Language and C++ Programming Language.
It will help you to get a good grasp on C++ programming if you know the differences well. Also, you will get to know about the difference between Object Oriented and Procedural programming paradigms. Let us first see a simple Hello World Program in C and C++ Programming Languages. Try to differentiate between C and C++ Programming Languages with the following code.
Hello World C Program
Hello World C++ Program
using namespace std;
Difference Between C and C++ in Tabular Format
|C Programming Language||C++ Programming Language|
|C is a Procedure Oriented Programming Language.||C++ is an Object Oriented Programming Language.|
|C Programming Language does not support Polymorphism and Inheritance.||C++ Programming Language supports Polymorphism and Inheritance.|
|More importance is given on Algorithms and Procedures than data.||More importance is given on Data than Algorithms or Procedures.|
|C supports only Procedural Programming Paradigm.||C++ supports both Procedure Oriented as well as Object Oriented Programming Paradigm.|
|C does not support Function Overloading and Operator Overloading.||C++ supports Function Overloading and Operator Overloading.|
|In C Programming, a program is divided into Functions. Therefore, C is known to be a Function-Driven Programming Language.||In C++ Programming, a program is divided into Objects. Therefore, C++ is known to be an Object-Driven Programming Language.|
|C Programming follows Top Down approach in its program design.||C++ Language follows Bottom Up approach in its program design.|
|C Programming Language is standardised by International Standards Organisation (ISO) and its latest stable release is C11.||C++ Programming Language is standardised by ISO and the latest version is called as C++14.|
|The malloc(), calloc() and realloc() functions are used for Dynamic Memory Allocation in C Programming.||The new operator is used for Dynamic Memory Allocation in C++ Programming.|
|C does not support Object Oriented Programming Paradigm in its code.||C++ supports Procedural Programming Paradigm in its code.|
|C Programming is a Middle Level Programming Language.||C++ Programming is a High Level Programming Language.|
|C Programming uses scanf() and printf() methods for Input and Output respectively.||C++ Programming uses cin and cout objects for Input and Output respectively.|
|In Linux, the default compiler for C Programming is GCC.||In Linux, the default compiler for C++ Programming is G++.|
|C Programming does not support Exception Handling feature.||C++ Programming Language supports Exception Handling mechanism.|
|C Programming does not have Namespace feature.||C++ Programming allows using Namespace feature which helps in efficient management of Identifiers.|
|The variables must be defined at the start of any function.||The variables can be defined at any position within the function.|
|C Programming supports free() function for releasing memory in Dynamic Memory Allocation.||C++ Programming supports the usage of free operator for releasing memory.|
|Data is comparatively less secure than Java.||The data is hidden in classes and, therefore, cannot be accessed by other functions easily. Therefore, data and functions are secure.|
|C is a completely Procedural Programming Language.||C++ is not a completely Object Oriented Programming Language since it allows Procedural Paradigm in its code structure.|
|A C Program is saved with .c extension||A C++ Program is saved with .cpp extension|
|C Programming does not offer Object-Oriented Encapsulation mechanism.||C++ Programming provides Encapsulation mechanism.|
|Applications: Language Interpreters, Device Drivers, Database Systems, Operating Systems, Embedded Systems, Network Drivers||Applications: Simulation and Modelling, Artificial Intelligence Systems, Neural Networks, CAM / CAD systems, Parallel Processing, etc.|
We hope that you got some good information about the difference between C and C++ Programming Languages out of this article. If you have any doubts or have any extra information to share about C++ and C Programming Languages, please let us know about it in the comment section below.